Research Findings: Appearance Anxiety in Chinese female groups
Social appearance anxiety or appearance anxiety is a general fear of negative evaluation of one’s appearance. It is a general fear of negative evaluation, and perfectionism have each been proposed as risk factors for both social anxiety disorder and the eating disorders.
Followed up by my previous research: https://jiassica.myblog.arts.ac.uk/2020/08/12/define-beauty-standards-survey/, I have narrowed my audiences down to Chinese females. A more refined questionnaire were handed out and the responses are as followed:
Families: 19.2%. Friends: 30.8%. Partners: 19.2%. Strangers: 23.1%. Colleagues/Classmates: 23.1%. Internet/media/social media/TV/Films: 40.4%. Magazines/Newspapers/Posters/Books: 19.1%. Others:28.8%.
Hair:15.4%. Eyes:25%. Nose:23.1%. Mouth:17.3%. Eyebrows/body hair:11.5%. Ears:1.9%. Facial structure: 34.6%. Skin: 26.9%. Weight: 44.2%. Body shape/figure: 44.2%. Height:21.2% Others: 9.6%. Nothing unsatisfied with: 1.9%.
Diet/Losing weight: 44.2%. Skin/anti-aging clinics:42.3%. Plastic surgery: 15.4%. Working out: 63.5%. Make up: 32.7%. No I think I look good enough: 13.5%. Others:3.8%.
Very often:0%. Never:9.6%. Quite often:11.5%. Sometimes: 40.4%. Often: 38.5%.
Very often:19.2%. Never: 5.8%
Never: 15.4%. Very often: 5.8%.
Final question: How do you understand the phrase ‘Appearance anxiety’?
52 Participants took part in this questionnaire, most of them are 18-30 year-old females.
Two questions were extracted from Appearance Anxiety Inventory (AAI)
(The Appearance Anxiety Inventory is a 10 question self-report scale that measures the cognitive and behavioral aspects of body image anxiety in general, and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in particular. This scale is useful as part of a diagnostic procedure for BDD as well as symptom monitoring during treatment.)
Accessed from Novo Psych: https://novopsych.com.au/assessments/appearance-anxiety-inventory-aai/
Other references: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3660512/
- Overly rely on makeups
- Beauty cams, filters and photoshop
- Overly complicated skincare routine
- Plastic surgery
- Wearing oversized outfits – afraid of showing the figure
- Eating disorders, influences from dieting culture
- Unconfident in relationships
- Too much self inspection
By browsing Chinese social media:
Typed in search: Appearance anxiety （外貌焦虑）on Xiaohongshu:
-Why everyone else look better than I do?
-Face straight to the DSLR : Learn to compromise with myself
-Appearance anxiety: Look at how beauty cams define beauty
Above are the keywords/topics being mentioned the most.
To solve the problem/ To make the change happen:
- No one is perfect/ Being imperfect is the fact to everyone, how can we face it?
- What social impact I can make and where to start?
- There should not and it is a false status to have only one standard of beauty, how can I show the diversity and in what way the diversity I can through?
The pursuit of beauty: the enforcement of aesthetics or a freely adopted lifestyle? by Henri Wijsbek: https://jme.bmj.com/content/26/6/454
Writing to the self:The sixth section of the online lecture series “Self-Imaging: Identity, Disruption, Transformation” is curated by Joseph Imorde and Jörg Scheller. https://shared-campus.com/
Xinhuanet.com: 女性外貌信心调查：中国第五 http://www.xinhuanet.com/world/2016-06/30/c_129104002.htm
新氧： 新氧发布《2019中国女性自信报告》：超9成女性在意“美商”这件事 https://36kr.com/p/1723330658305
Bilibili: 关于外貌焦虑，你了解多少？ https://www.bilibili.com/read/cv8104893/
Blog Sohu: “外貌焦虑真的能毁掉一个人。” https://www.sohu.com/a/401260695_480091
Walden: Body Shaming: What Is It & Why Do We Do It? https://www.waldeneatingdisorders.com/blog/body-shaming-what-is-it-why-do-we-do-it/
Teens Health: Body Dysmorphic Disorder https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/body-image-problem.html#:~:text=People%20with%20BDD%20feel%20worried,looks%20many%20times%20a%20day.